Ghee, Clarified Butter with Remarkable Properties
Ghee is a staple in Indian cooking. It’s easy to make with only one ingredient, which is salted or unsalted butter. The unsalted one is better because when it has salt in it, it will interfere with the cooking process. Ghee is a type of oil made by boiling butter and cooking it at low heat until the milk solids get separated from the fat. This is also referred to as clarified butter.
Ghee vs butter
There are big differences between ghee and butter although butter is basically the raw ingredient for ghee. First, let’s compare the calorie counts. Ghee has about 900 kcal per 100 grams, while butter has 717 in the same amount. This makes sense considering ghee is pure fat, but if we compare them by fat content, ghee is the one free of trans fats. 60% of it is saturated fats.
Meanwhile, butter has around 3g of trans fats in 100 grams, while its saturated fat content is lower, at 51%. In terms of nutrients, ghee has a higher level of Vitamin A. Their flavors profiles are also different, which lead to different applications in cooking.
Ghee is safe for people who are lactose intolerant. Although the main ingredient has lactose in it, ghee doesn’t have any because the substance has been separated during the cooking process. Due to having a high smoke point, ghee can also be used for deep frying. A smoke point is a good way to measure if an oil is good for deep frying or not.
Some oils like virgin olive oil are healthy, but if they have low smoke points, they’re not ideal for high temperature cooking. Ghee has compounds that can protect the body against allergies. It’s also packed with vitamins, including Vitamin A, D, E, and K. Another benefit it has is to aid in digestion. Unlike other oils that usually slow down digestion, ghee can stimulate the production of stomach acids. This way, the foods that enter the stomach can be processed more thoroughly.
Ghee is widely used in Indian cuisine. It can be added to dishes like biryani an baati. It can also be consumed directly. Some people like to eat ghee with water in the morning to promote healthy digestion. You can also use it as a topping because it has a delicious nutty flavor.
Ghee is easy to make. All it takes is butter and a heavy-bottomed pan. Melt the butter in the pan over medium heat. Depending on the amount of the butter, it may take more than 5 minutes to melt all of it. But to make it faster, you can slice the butter first. Once it starts boiling, bring it down to a low heat and simmer. The water content will dissipate as you keep stirring.